If you disagree with a decision of a public body, you can often lodge an objection, for example if your licence application has been rejected or if someone else obtains a licence which is harmful to your interests. If you disagree with the decision in response to your objection, you can appeal to the courts in most cases. In most cases, you can also lodge an appeal against the court’s decision with the Administrative Jurisdiction Division of the Council of State, the Central Appeals Tribunal or the Trade and Industry Appeals Tribunal.
Decision deadline exceeded
If the public body fails to take a decision by the legal deadline, you can send them a so-called notice of default. This will give them a grace period of two (2) weeks to reach the decision. If they still fail to do so, you can appeal to the administrative court immediately. You are not obliged to hire an Attorney for the objection or appeals procedure.
You must submit a notice of objection to the public body agency that took the decision in question by no later than six (6) weeks after you received the decision or after the decision was published. The public body must take a decision within six (6) weeks after the day on which the submission period for the letter of objection has elapsed. If an advisory committee is being formed, the decision period is twelve (12) weeks. Both periods may be extended by six (6) weeks.
Penalty when deciding late
If the public body fails to take a decision by the prescribed deadline, you are entitled to a penalty payment. You can use the (Dutch-language) Penalty payment for late decisions form to obtain this payment. The Tax and Customs Administration has an own Penalty form in the event of an overdue decision (in Dutch).
The notice of objection and corresponding procedure
Notices of objection can be submitted by the interested parties, i.e. persons or organisations with a direct interest in a decision made by the Administrative body. If an interested party disagrees with a decision of the Administrative body, or if the Administrative body fails to make a decision within the applicable deadline, an interested party can submit a notice of objection to the decision or the failure to make a decision. A notice of objection must be submitted (in Dutch) in writing to the Administrative body within six (6) weeks after the date on which the decision is announced.
Appeal and the appeal procedure
An interested party can appeal against a decision on a notice of objection by filing an appeal with the Administrative Court within six (6) weeks after the date on which the decision on the objection is announced. The Administrative Court will then take the notification of appeal into consideration. If this notification of appeal does not comply with specific formalities, it could be declared inadmissible. In most cases, however, the notification of appeal will continue to be processed.
Appeal against a decision of an Administrative Court’s decision
In most cases, you can also lodge an appeal against the court’s decision with:
- The Central Appeals Tribunal
- The Trade and Industry Appeals Tribunal
- The Administrative Jurisdiction Division of the Council of State